Many children (and adults for that matter) find fractions difficult to understand. This is often because fraction notation (writing a fraction as a number, e.g. ½ ) is very confusing. Children therefore struggle to relate the symbol to the ‘thing’ and end up guessing. In Singapore, the understanding of fractions is rooted in the Concrete, Pictorial, Abstract (CPA) model, where children use paper squares and strips to learn the link between the concrete and the abstract.

At the heart of understanding fractions is the ability to understand that we’re giving an equal part a name. It is simply a naming activity! Taken from the Maths — No Problem! Primary Maths Series Textbooks, here are 4 easy steps that will develop and ensure children’s understanding of fractions.