### Obstacle 6: Inability to generalise

Generalising is all about transferring acquired knowledge to a novel situation. This helps learners make sense of maths and helps them understand the connections and patterns.

Learners with dyscalculia struggle with generalisation of ideas and concepts and find it hard to transfer information from one area of maths to another. For these learners, maths is a multitude of individual pieces of information that have to be stored and remembered or calculated from first principles every time.

**The teaching strategy: Generalisation as a core competency**

Generalisation is one of the five core competencies in **Maths — No Problem!** Children are encouraged to use what they know to find out what they don’t know.

Look for ways to extend what learners know to help them realise that being secure in just a few simple facts can help them solve new problems. Two examples of this are:

Given that **3 + 4 = 7**, can I now work out **700 – 400**?

I know that **5 × 7 = 35** and **2 × 7 = 14**, can I use this to help me work out **7 × 7**?

Being on the lookout for connections and relationships helps develop depth of understanding and reduces the load on working memory.