### How do you use journaling to teach multiplication for depth?

When teaching Year 6 multiplication, the 2014 national curriculum expects that:

*“Pupils practise and extend their use of the formal written methods of short multiplication… apply all the multiplication tables… and use them confidently to make larger calculations.”*

So, how can you encourage depth when looking at multiplication? I have one word for you: journaling.

The five different types of journaling (descriptive, evaluative, creative, investigative, and formative) can be used in different ways. Maths journals do more than just let learners record their answers, they give learners a place to practice communicating their thoughts and ideas. Journals give insight into how children are thinking and provide evidence that learners are developing their understanding.

Journaling lends itself to a wealth of ideas and approaches and can be a powerful tool when teaching for depth. Let’s look at a few practical examples for learners in Year 6. These examples are helpful for teaching Key Stage 2, but can be adapted for learners across the years.

The following lesson comes from **Maths — No Problem!** Textbook 6A, Chapter 2, Lesson 5 and the list of questions in the Guided Practice. I’ve rounded up a few interesting examples from learners who are competent in the four number operations.